Ray Journigan


Ray will be teaching 3 classes:

One-day Sharpening class Sept. 21, 2020    $200

    All skill levels welcome

Make a Traditional Sconce

5-days: Sept. 22-26, 2020         $950    Intermediate/Advanced class


Make the iconic John Elliot style Chippendale  foot-stool

6 days:  Sept. 27-Oct 2, 2020


       Intermediate/Advanced class

Traditional Sconce












This beautiful project packs in a lot of techniques in a delightful 18th century piece: Precision joinery, Gooseneck molding, Carving traditional elements.

This is a project students have been asking for, carving! Don’t let the small size of this Newport stylecandle sconce fool you. There is a lot of work in this future heiloom. Come lean to execute featurescommonly found in many period “Newport” pieces. This class is designed to require little investment in
materials so we can concentrate our efforts on advancing your skills in carving. Students will get thechance to carve two iconic Newport concave shells that are found on period desks, clocks, highboys, anddressing tables by the Goddards and Townsends during the 18th Century. Then the carving continueswith the goosneck moldings. We shape the shelf to resemble the profile matching seats found on cornerchairs and dovetail it to the sides. If you want to gain some confidence in your carving, you don’t want tomiss this one. The skills learned will enable you to expand your horizons on designing future project! Aswith all of Rays carving classes, tool selection, sharpening, and care will be discussed as well as finishing
techniques that will maximize the effects of your newly carved piece.

Scroll down for details on all 3 classes

Make a John Elliott Philadelphia style Chippendale Stool


The original of this reproduction stool, circa 1750-1760, is attributed to John Elliott, Sr., a noted Philadelphia cabinetmaker. This stool features shell carving on the apron and beautifully sculpted cabriole legs with shell carving at the knees terminating in ball and claw feet. The original reproduction is in the Colonial Williamsburg Collection. Also, in the Winterthur Museum Collection is a very rare set of four original antique stools made by the Philadelphia cabinetmaker, John Elliott, Sr., for Charles Norris.

Ball & Claw or Trifid foot: your choice

A foot stool is a great way to gain skills using your hand tools. This useful piece of furniture can  be used to rest the feet after a long day or as a sitting stool for that last arriving guest. And the “John Elliot” footstool is one of the finest examples made in the 18 th century. There is a lot a skills in this little project. After surfacing our materials with a hand plane, Ray will demonstrate different methods of laying out and cutting mortise and tenon joints by hand using tools such as a mortise gauge, tenon saw, mortise chisel, bench chisel, shoulder plane and router plane. Next, he will demonstrate cutting and shaping cabriole legs using spokeshaves, rasps, files, and card scrapers. Then Ray will demonstrate an uncomplicated way to layout and carve a Philadelphia style ball and claw foot. And if that wasn’t enough, Ray will teach you how to layout and carve scallop shells both in the round, like those found on the knees of each leg, and as an applique which a placed on the aprons. This class is designed so you can take your woodworking skills to the next level without having to empty your wallet for materials. Other subject that will be discussed include tool sharpening, small shop organization for efficiency, and finishing techniques just to name a few!

From Ray's Cartouche AwardAnnouncement:


The Society of American Period Furniture Makers (SAPFM)  is pleased to announce that James R. (Ray) Journigan, Sr. is the 2018 Cartouche Award Recipient.  The Cartouche is awarded to a craftsperson who has demonstrated a lifetime of making exceptional furniture in period style.  The work should be of excellent quality and provide a broad range of examples and styles and be an extensive number of pieces.  Part of the consideration for this award is the amount of  contributions to the craft through writing, teaching and mentoring the recipient has made.

More than 40 years ago, starting at the of age 14, Ray’s passion for woodworking and furniture making was already evident and has grown more intense as the years have passed. Mostly self taught, Ray is none the less very quick to praise those who have inspired and taught him along the way, including his father, a master finish carpenter; Chuck Lammers, his shop class teacher; Ben Hobbs, 2011 Cartouche Award recipient; and Pierre Restelli, a master carver from Portsmouth, VA.

Between 1988 and 2013, Ray was pursuing two careers, simultaneously. He served his city as a fireman and his state and country as part of various FEMA teams. When not on duty, he created more than 200 pieces of museum quality period furniture, for his own use and on commission. Today he produces furniture and teaches out of his shop in Virginia Beach, VA.

Ray’s work has been featured in various newspapers and in local and national magazines.  He has taught fellow furniture makers through out Virginia for 30 years and is tireless in his efforts to increase awareness and appreciation of American period furniture, determined to keep the craft alive into the next generation.

  • Instagram
  • Facebook
  • YouTube
  • Pinterest